What is Project Management Matrix?

Project Management Matrix is some menthod to manage, process or administer tasks, projects or some other stuffs.


  • BIOLOGY: an environment or material in which something develops; a surrounding medium or structure.
  • a mold in which something, such as printing type or a phonograph record, is cast or shaped.
  • MATHEMATICS: a rectangular array of quantities or expressions in rows and columns that is treated as a single entity and manipulated according to particular rules.

PPM List

RACI matrix

RACI matrix


  • 谁负责(R = Responsible),负责执行任务的角色,具体负责操控项目、解决问题。
  • 谁批准(A = Accountable),对任务负全责的角色,只有经其同意或签署之后,项目才能得以进行。
  • 谁支持(S = Support),参与具体任务,协助R完成工作的角色。
  • 咨询谁(C = Consulted),在任务实施前或中提供指定性意见的人员。
  • 告知谁(I = Informed),及时被通知结果的人员,不必向其咨询、征求意见。

from Responsibility assignment matrix

SMART criteria


  • 目标必须是具体的(Specific)stresses the need for a specific goal over and against a more general one.
  • 目标必须是可以衡量的(Measurable)stresses the need for concrete criteria for measuring progress toward the attainment of the goal.
  • 目标必须是可以达到的(Attainable)stresses the importance of goals that are realistic and attainable.
  • 目标必须和总体目标具有相关性(Relevant)stresses the importance of choosing goals that matter.
  • 目标必须具有明确的截止期限(Time-bound)stresses the importance of grounding goals within a time frame, giving them a target date.

from SMART criteriaSMART原则

PDCA Cycle

Multiple iterations of the PDCA cycle

also named Plan-Do-Check-Act Cycle

  • P(Plan)–计划,通过集体讨论或个人思考确定某一行动或某一系列行动的方案,包括5W1H;
  • D(Do)–执行人执行,按照计划去做,落实计划;
  • C(Check)–检查或学习执行人的执行情况,比如到计划执行过程中的“控制点”“管理点”去收集信息,“计划执行的怎么样?有没有达到预期的效果或要求?”,找出问题;
  • A(Action)–效果,对检查的结果进行处理,认可或否定。成功的经验要加以肯定,或着模式化或者标准化以适当推广;失败的教训要加以总结,以免重现;这一轮未解决的问题放到下一个PDCA循环。

from 戴明循环


  • P(Planning)——计划职能包括三小部分:目标(goal)、实施计划(plan)、收支预算(budget)。
  • D(design)——设计方案和布局。
  • C(4C)——4C管理:Check(检查)、Communicate(沟通)、Clean (清理)、Control(控制)。
  • A(2A)——Act(执行,对总结检查的结果进行处理)、Aim(按照目标要求行事,如改善、提高)。

RCA(Root cause analysis)


  • 问题(发生了什么);
  • 原因(为什么发生);
  • 措施(什么办法能够阻止问题再次发生)。

from 根本原因分析(Root Cause Analysis)

Robin on 18 Aug. 2017

- - - - - -
written by 陈烨彬 Robin Chen , and published under (CC) BY-NC-SA.